Australian drought affects agriculture and dairy industry
With the ongoing severe drought in Australia, its agriculture continues to suffer. Based on the recent forecast of the Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES), farm production drops by 3% to A$59 billion this 2019-2020 season. Additionally, earnings from exports will also decrease by 4.5% with the decline in beef, wool, lamb, and cotton. Due to this phenomena, Australia-owned grain giant, Manildra Group was forced to import high protein wheat from Canada until the end of the year. The imported wheat will also be processed into gluten and starches that are needed for food and industrial manufacturing.
ABARES assures that despite the forecast of a drier and warmer than average winter by the Bureau of Meterology, the reports for spring could increase the country’s grain production.
Because of the fall in the supplies of grain, livestock and cattle industry are gravely affected as well. Exports value for livestock is to drop by 11% while the cattle herd faces an all time low since the 1990s with a head count of 25 million. Aside from imports on grain, as fodder costs reached extreme heights, farmers were compelled to import processed stockfeed while producers protract off loading of cattle. For two consecutive months, female cattle kill have reached 58%. Furthermore, breeding stock are being sold for premature slaughters. A similar occurrence is happening with the lamb industry.
Meanwhile in southern Murray-Darling Basin the price of irrigation water has escalated over the past season. For the farmers of cotton and rice, the increase on price means that their interest in growing crops will be low, leaving immense areas of the NSW Riverina with no plants to grow.
ABARES reported that between the 2017-18 and 2018-19 season that Australia’s cotton production decreased by fifty percent (50%) , and that in the upcoming 2019-20 season a forty percent (40%) drop would also occur.
Dairy farmers are also caught in the dry spell, with high water price and a decreasing margin between cost and profit, for dairy farmers this situation has already hit the fan.
Even at a low culling price dairy cow population is still dropping for the past three years and an eight percent (8%) decrease in milk production was also reported by ABARES, for 2018-19.
ABARES also expect that the average farm gate milk price will increase by 47.6 cents per liter helped by the falling Australian dollar.
Despite the misfortunes caused by the draught, confidence is still growing based on a survey by agri-lender Rabobank. They still believe that late rains will be able to at least decrease the impact brought by the tremendous drought.